J h e US General Accounting Office (GAO) looked at NIH’s progress in conducting research on women’s health and found that “NIH has made substantial progress in ensuring that women are included in studies but less progress in encouraging analysis by sex.”
The authors of a GAO report looked at the published literature and concluded that not all analyses of data by sex are reported. They write, “NIH officials told us that when an analysis reveals no difference in outcome, journals publishing the analysis may omit this information because editors often discourage researchers from including no news’ information in their results.”
Highlights of the report include the finding that more than half of the participants in NIH-funded clinical research studies in fiscal year 1997 were women. This was true even when studies with female-only or male-only protocols were removed from the analysis.
Aggregate enrollment data for all extramural research protocols funded in fiscal year 1997 show that 61.9% of the study subjects were women and 37.1% were men. Members of minority groups were also found to be well represented.

Women’s Health: NIH Has Increased Its Efforts to Include Women in Research.

UNICEF Says Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls Still a Global Epidemic.

Five years after participants at the Beijing Conference on Women called for global action to end violence against women, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has concluded that not enough progress has been made in addressing domestic violence. A UNICEF study shows that domestic violence is widespread globally, taking a toll on the physical and emotional health of women and children, threatening their financial security, and undermining their self-esteem.
Many women are killed, and some in abusive situations kill themselves. An estimated 60 million women and girls have been victims of their own families, killed deliberately or through neglect simply because they are female.

The report finds that domestic violence continues to cut across cultures, class, education and income levels, ethnicity, and age in every country.
The UNICEF report, prepared in advance of the Beijing + 5 Review Meeting held in New York in June 2000, proposes a strategy for addressing the causes of violence against women while providing immediate services to victims. The strategy calls for involvement of many sections of civil society, including community and religious leaders, as well as boosting women and girls’ “security” through legal literacy, education, and employment opportunities. The report also cites the importance of legal reform and an end to impunity for perpetrators.

Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls catalogues forms of violence, from sex-selection abortions, to beatings and other more “visible” forms of violence such as acid throwing and honor killings, to forced malnutrition, lack of access to medical care and school, forced prostitution, and bonded labor. The report notes the relationship between violence against women and the spread of HIV/AIDS and highlights the link between the increasing availability of weapons and domestic violence.